Main preventive measures for common roof fall acci

2022-06-11
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Main preventive measures for common roof fall accidents

1 strictly implement the working system. Before excavation construction, 2. After browsing the operation manual, assign experienced workers to strictly implement the system of knocking on the side and asking for the top according to the operating procedures. When knocking, there should be a specially assigned person for supervision. People should stand in a safe place and knock the top plate and two sides gently and heavily with a pickaxe or steel drill. If there is empty sound or buzzing sound, use a long handle tool to knock the suspended stones Pry the coal off. When knocking, if there is a clear sound, continue to stick your fingers close to the roof or two sides, and then tap gently with a pickaxe. If your fingers feel vibration, it means that the roof or two sides of stones give us a chance to stand on the same starting line with the world giants, which has been separated from the whole or broken, and there is a risk of falling, you should pry it off immediately. If you can't pry it off, you must take temporary support measures. If the sound is crisp and there is no vibration, the roof is solid

2 Jinan experimental machine factory analyzed the main reasons for the above four points. The roadway support must be carried out according to the operation regulations. For the roadway with shed support, the pull rod or brace must be used to connect the shed as a whole to prevent the shed from being pushed down. When the heading face encounters rocks with faults, folds and other geological structures or bedding fractures, the shed distance shall be reduced. The supporting cable clamp specified in the design must be used for the cable clamp of the arched shed, and its tightening torque shall not be less than that specified in the operation procedures. The construction site shall be equipped with a wrench with torque indicator, and the team leader shall check it once per shift. The gap between the support and the top shall be firmly backed and braked according to the requirements of the operation procedures, and there shall be no empty side, empty top and empty shoulder socket. The bolt and bolt shotcrete roadway shall be constructed in strict accordance with the design requirements, and the failed bolt shall be repaired in time. The initial anchoring force and anchoring force of the bolt must meet the design requirements, and each shift must be tested on site and recorded. Relevant functional departments should do a good job in monitoring and spot checking in this regard, so as to evaluate the support design and engineering quality, find out the unsafe hidden dangers of roadway support in time, improve and strengthen bolt support in time, and ensure safe production. For single hole long-distance excavation, the roadway support behind the working face shall be checked frequently. If any hidden danger is found, the personnel shall be evacuated and the excavation shall be carried out after timely reinforcement and repair

3 empty roof operation is strictly prohibited. All working faces without temporary support such as metal front probe beam shall be stopped. The temporary support must keep up with the head-on. After blasting, the front probe beam must be moved to the head-on in time, and then the front probe beam shall be backed up so that the workers can work under the cover of the front probe beam and other temporary support

4 safety technical measures in case of changes in geological conditions. When the geological conditions and surrounding rock change and the support form needs to be changed, the safety technical measures must be reported first and implemented after approval according to the regulations. No one is allowed to change the support method at will. When the heading face encounters faults, fracture zones or other geological conditions, effective support measures shall be taken in time to strengthen management and prevent roof fall. Generally, when it is 5m away from the fault, the support shall be densified, and the brace shall be used to connect the shed into a whole to prevent the shed from being pushed down. When the fault zone is particularly broken, the wedge striking method is adopted. If possible, grouting consolidation or pressure injection resin method shall be used to solidify the broken surrounding rock

5 prevent the blasting from collapsing and toppling the head-on support. Drilling, charging and blasting shall be carried out in strict accordance with the provisions of the blasting instructions in the operating procedures. The blast holes shall be arranged reasonably, especially the position and angle of the cutting holes shall be appropriate, and the charge amount shall be reasonable. When approaching or passing through the fault fracture zone, blasting shall be suspended and air pick and hand pick shall be used for excavation to prevent blasting from collapsing and toppling the head-on support. After the collapse of the support, the support shall be righted and repaired in time. The repair work must be carried out one by one from the outside to the inside

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